Pick a Region:. . The Middle East
Economic growth is a broad term used to describe an improvement in the economic situation of a state. Common measures include increases in national wealth, increases in personal wealth, or improvements in the standard of living.
Islam is a monotheistic religion that draws upon Judaism and Christianity. Islam was founded by the prophet Muhammad (570-632 CE) in the town of Mecca in present-day Saudi Arabia. People who practice Islam are called Muslims. Their scripture is the Koran, which was revealed to Muhammad by god, Allah. Muhammad is seen as the last in a series of prophets beginning with Adam and including Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Soon after Muhammads death, the religion split into several sects, the two central ones being the Sunni and the Shia.
Islam spread throughout the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Europe. Presently about 1 billion people in the world practice Islam. Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world.
League of Nations is an international organization created in the aftermath of World War I to act as an international collective security mechanism. Never terribly successful, the League disbanded during World War II and was effectively replaced by the United Nations.
League of Nations mandate system is a program designed to administer the colonies and other territories taken from the defeated states of World War I (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire). Its stated goal was to gradually move these territories to full independence. The mandate system was interpreted by some as a mechanism for the extension of colonial control by the victorious powers of the war.
Ottoman Empire is the Turkic empire founded in 1300 by Othman in present-day Turkey. In 1453 the Ottomans captured Istanbul and made it their capital. At its height the Ottomans controlled North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, the Middle East, and southeast Europe. Challenged by both foreign aggression and internal decay, the Ottomans gradually lost power throughout the 1700s and 1800s. Joining with Germany and Austria-Hungary in World War I, the Ottoman empire was split up after the war and its territories were either granted independence or were given over to the victorious European states under the League of Nations mandate system. The modern state of Turkey emerged from the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.