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Situation: Summary of Montreal Protocol
The Montreal Protocol bans the production and use of CFCs and carbon tetrachloride effective January 1, 1996. Halons, used for fire suppression, were banned effective January 1, 1994. Developing countries were given an extra 10 years to phase out these substances.

Methyl chloroform (trichloroethane--C2H3Cl3) was phased out on January 1, 1996. However, developing countries were permitted to continue to produce up to 15% of their 1989 levels.

A gradual phaseout of HCFCs began on January 1, 1996 and will be complete on January 1, 2030. A relatively lengthy time period was established because of the long life of the equipment that uses these substances and the time required to develop substitutes. No extension was allowed for developing countries.

Hydrobromofluorocarbons were phased out, with no exceptions for developing countries, on January 1, 1996.

Methyl bromide will be gradually phased out. By the year 2010, phaseout will have been completes in developed countries, but developing countries will be permitted up to 15% of their 1991 production.

A Multilateral Fund, financed by contributions from the developed countries, was established.

Decisions on funding will be decided by a consensus of the signatory countries. Transfer of technology to developing countries was mandated.

You may want to see the full text of the 1995 revision of the Montreal Protocol.

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