Old Choson Period
The Koreans are all descended from the same ethnic group. At the time shown on this map, the Koreans were divided into a number of separate tribes, the strongest of which were the migratory hunter Koguryo tribes which lived in the mountainous northern section of Korea. The three southern tribes, the Ma Han, the Pyon Han and the Chin Han, lived in stable communities dependent on agriculture in the fertile river and coastal plains of the south.
The Chinese conquered the area about 100 BC, and dominated the peoples of the western side of the peninsula. The strength of the Koguryo and the rugged mountainous terrain in which they lived, however, made it impossible for the Chinese to have any real control there. Consequently, the Koguryo developed a strong, independent state that continually challenged the Chinese, and eventually conquered and incorporated the Okcho and Ye tribes.
In Europe at this time, the Roman Empire was at its height.
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