Topic Overview: Climate
Cycles of weather changes differ from place to place. The long-term pattern of weather in any part of the world is called climate.
There are three major climate zones: tropical, temperate, and polar. Climate zones differ in temperature and precipitation. Tropical climates are usually warm and wet most of the year. Much of Central and South America are in the tropical climate zone. Temperate climates cycle through all four seasonswinter, spring, summer, and autumn. Much of the United States is in a temperate climate zone. Polar climates are usually cold and dry most of the year. Antarctica is in a polar climate zone.