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The People of Korea
Table 1 South Korea:
Population Growth, Urban and Rural

 Year

Total (millions)

% Urban

% Rural

Rural Population (millions)

1949

20.189

---

---

---

1960

25.012

28.0

72.0

18.0

1980

38.124

57.3

42.7

16.3

1990

42.869

74.4

25.6

11.0

1995

45.553

79.0 

21.0

9.6 (est.)

Table 2 South Korea:
Largest Cities

Cities

1980 Population

1990 Population

Seoul

8,367,000

10,612,000

Pusan

3,160,000

3,798,000

Inchon

1,085,000

1,817,000

Taegu

1,607,000

2,229,000

Kwangju

728,000

1,139,000

Taejon 

---  

1,049,000

Table 3 North Korea:
Population Growth, Urban and Rural

 Year

Total (millions)

% Urban

% Rural

Rural Population (millions)

1949

9.622

25

75

7.2 (est.)

1953

8.491*

---

---

---

1956

9.359

---

---

---

1960

10.789

---

---

---

1983

19.185

60

40

7.7 (est.)

1995

23.487

64

36

8.4 (est.)

*Official North Korean estimate. Other observers suggest more like 2.1 million people were either killed directly or indirectly by the Korean War or emigrated to the South during the war.

Table 4 North Korea:
Largest Cities

Cities

Estimated 1986
*Estimated 1981

P'yongyang

2,000,000

Ch'ongjin

530,000

Kaesong

310,000

Hamhung

670,000

Sinuiju

330,000

Hungnam 

*260,000

The preceeding tables were complied using data from the following sources: Dickey (1986), McCune (1966), Korean Overseas Information Service (1993), and CIA World Fact Book 1995.

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