Species -- Animals
Wetlands animals often rely on wetlands plants, as well as other animals,
as food resources. For example, crayfish live in wetlands; raccoons live
near wetlands so they can eat the crayfish; and panthers live near wetlands
so that they can eat the raccoons. Similar food chains tie many animals to
Many wetlands animals have
also developed complex adaptations that enable and sometimes even
to live in wetlands. For example, amphibians and some insects lay their
eggs in water. These eggs hatch and the emerging larva have gills through
which they "breathe" oxygen from the water. The larva grow and
undergo a metamorphosis into air-breathing terrestrial adults.
Once adults, these organisms continue to live their lives near aquatic
ecosystems such as a wetlands so that they can lay their eggs in the water.
Common types of wetlands animals
insects small invertebrates
that generally have three body segments, only three pairs of legs, and
often one or two pairs of wings; for example, butterflies and beetles.
cold-blooded, vertebrates; for example, alligators, snakes, and turtles.
vertebrates that have gilled aquatic larvae and air-breathing adults;
for example, salamanders and frogs.
vertebrates that nourish their young with milk secreted by mammary glands
and generally have hairy skin; for example, raccoon and deer.
vertebrates that have wings and feathers; for example, ducks and great
blue herons. Photo:
Great blue heron. Photo courtesy of Robert Coggeshall, Youngstown,
spiders small, silk-spinning
invertebrates that have two body segments and four pairs of legs.
aquatic vertebrates; for example, trout and bass.
invertebrates that have shells; for example, shrimp.
For more images and information
on some of these wetlands animals, visit Life
/ Plants / Animals